Becoming a Lawyer in Canada: Steps and Requirements


Becoming a lawyer in Canada is a noble profession that requires hard work, diligence, and a strong dedication to legal justice. With an increasing demand for legal aid in Canada, there is a constant need for qualified lawyers who are competent in representing clients both locally and internationally. However, becoming a lawyer in Canada involves a rigorous process, and candidates must complete all the necessary steps to get their license and start practicing.

In this article, we will look at the steps and requirements needed to become a successful lawyer in Canada, from education to licensing.

Step 1: Education

The first step to becoming a lawyer in Canada is to obtain a basic undergraduate degree in any field of study. While there is no specific requirement for the undergraduate program, it is advisable to choose a program that focuses on your area of interest, for example, political science, history, or international relations.

After completing the undergraduate program, candidates must attend a law school that is recognized by the Federation of Law Societies of Canada. The law school program takes three years and equips students with the knowledge, skills, and experience needed to become successful lawyers. Some of the core courses include contract law, property law, torts, criminal law, and constitutional law.

Step 2: Articling

After completing the law school program, candidates must go through a period of articling, which is a mandatory 10-12 month training experience in a law firm or other legal settings such as government or corporate legal departments.

During articling, candidates work under a supervising lawyer and get hands-on experience in legal research, drafting legal documents, client management, and courtroom representation. Articling is a crucial part of the training process, and candidates are expected to demonstrate their competence, professionalism, and ethics.

Step 3: Licensing

After articling, candidates must take and pass the bar admission course and examination, which is offered by the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA) in partnership with the law societies of each province and territory in Canada. The bar admission course and examination are designed to assess a candidate’s competence, skills, and knowledge in Canadian legal principles and practices.

Candidates who pass the bar admission course and examination are required to be licensed by the law society in the province or territory where they intend to practice. Licensing involves paying the necessary fees, taking the oath of office, and complying with the ethical and competence standards set by the law society.


Q: What is the difference between a barrister and a solicitor in Canada?

A: In Canada, there is no strict separation between barristers and solicitors. Most lawyers are qualified to practice both roles, although some may specialize in litigation (barrister) or transactional work (solicitor).

Q: How long does it take to become a lawyer in Canada?

A: It takes around seven years to become a lawyer in Canada. This includes four years for an undergraduate degree, three years for a law school program, and at least 10-12 months of articling.

Q: Is it possible to become a lawyer without attending law school in Canada?

A: No, it is not possible to become a lawyer in Canada without attending law school. However, some law schools may accept candidates who have completed a relevant undergraduate degree and have significant work experience in the legal field.


Becoming a lawyer in Canada is a rewarding career that requires hard work, dedication, and a strong commitment to legal justice. Candidates must complete a rigorous process that involves education, articling, and licensing. While the process may seem daunting, it is achievable, and the rewards are worth it. For those who aspire to become lawyers in Canada, it is advisable to start early, choose a relevant undergraduate program, and seek guidance from legal professionals.

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