South Korean Policy and Political Structure

South Korea is a country located in East Asia that boasts a rich cultural heritage and a thriving economy. As a democracy, its political system is designed to promote transparency, accountability, and citizen participation. In this article, we will take a deep dive into the policy and political structure of South Korea, exploring its various institutions, key policies, and the major political actors involved.

Political Institutions in South Korea

The political system of South Korea is comprised of several key institutions that serve various functions. These include the presidency, the National Assembly, and the judiciary. Let’s take a closer look at each of these institutions.

Presidency: The President of South Korea is both the head of state and the head of government. The current president is Moon Jae-in, who was elected in 2017. The president is responsible for appointing cabinet members, representing the country in international affairs, and overseeing the implementation of laws.

National Assembly: The National Assembly is a bicameral legislative body consisting of the National Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly is responsible for passing laws, approving government budgets, and overseeing the actions of the executive branch. Members of the National Assembly are elected by the public via a mixed electoral system.

Judiciary: The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative branches, and is responsible for interpreting and implementing laws as well as adjudicating disputes. The highest court in the country is the Constitutional Court, which has the final say on matters related to constitutional interpretation.

Policies and Priorities in South Korea

South Korea has a diverse range of policies and priorities that it is currently pursuing. Here are some of the key policy areas that the government is focusing on:

Economy: As one of the strongest economies in Asia, South Korea is striving to continue this momentum. It has developed a number of strategies to promote growth and foster innovation, such as expanding investment in science and technology, lowering barriers to entry for new businesses, and strengthening financial sector regulations.

Unification with North Korea: Efforts to reunite with North Korea have been a long-standing priority for South Korea. The current administration has been particularly vocal on this front, proposing an ambitious plan to unify the two countries by 2045 through various measures such as co-hosting the Olympic Games and connecting transportation networks.

Healthcare: South Korea is known for its high-quality healthcare system. However, the government is currently focusing on expanding access to healthcare to lower-income citizens through various programs such as National Health Insurance and the expansion of telemedicine services.


Q: What are the two main political parties in South Korea?
A: The two main political parties in South Korea are the Democratic Party and the United Future Party.

Q: What is the voting age in South Korea?
A: The voting age in South Korea is 19.

Q: Who appoints the judges in South Korea?
A: The President of South Korea appoints the judges with the approval of the National Assembly.

Q: What is the current stance of South Korea towards North Korea?
A: South Korea has been pursuing a policy of engagement and dialogue with North Korea, with the ultimate goal of reunification.

Q: How does South Korea’s healthcare system compare to other countries?
A: South Korea’s healthcare system is consistently ranked as one of the best in the world, providing high-quality care to its citizens at an affordable cost.


South Korea’s political system and policies are reflective of its vibrant democracy and economic power. The country’s institutions work together to promote transparency, accountability, and citizen participation, while its policies are aimed at promoting growth, expanding access to healthcare, and unifying with North Korea. With a population that is highly educated and technologically savvy, South Korea is well-positioned to continue its forward momentum and emerge as a global leader in the future.

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